The Role of Provocative Discography In Endoscopic Disc Surgery
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- Create Date November 23, 2011
Lindblom ﬁrst described discography as a useful tool to identify intervertebral disc ruptures in 1948. Hirsch then correlated the disc injection with pain reproduction. Since then, with improved understanding of the pathophysiology of discogenic back pain, its usefulness in selecting patients for surgical treatment has been validated and widely accepted by physicians who use it for the clinical management of chronic low back pain.