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Scientific Publications

Click on the titles below to get a brief introduction, abstract, or detail of the publications. 


Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine as a Multi-Disciplinary Subspecialty for Appropriately Trained, and Experienced Providers 535.68 KB 15 downloads

Introduction: Endoscopic spine surgery has attracted both surgeons and nonsurgeons...

Lessons Learned Using Local Anesthesia for Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Spine Surgery 2.12 MB 17 downloads

Background/purpose: Operating under local anesthesia allows the patient to respond...

Development of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy (PELD) Technology in China 349.31 KB 12 downloads

Introduction: The history and development of endoscopic spine surgery (PELD) in China...

Robotics in the MIS Spine Surgery Arena: A New Role to Advance the Adoption of Endoscopic Surgery as the Least Invasive Spine Surgery Procedure 1.38 MB 13 downloads

The role of robotics is gaining prominence as the technology of the future. In traditional...

Delivery of Spine Care Under Health Care Reform in the United States 277.41 KB 12 downloads

If the current Health Care system in the USA remains the law of the land, Health...

Endoscopic Identification and Treating the Pain Generators in the Lumbar Spine that Escape Detection by Traditional Imaging Studies 5.65 MB 22 downloads

The ability to identify and treat pain generators in the lumbar spine is helped by...

A Short Note on Minimally Invasive Lumbar Spine Surgery 299.08 KB 13 downloads

Almost all spine surgeons tout minimally Invasiveness in spine surgery as a beneficial...

FBSS: Endoscopic Documentation of Common Causes by Visualization of Painful Patho-anatomy 810.79 KB 13 downloads

Failed back surgery syndrome is a very loose term that has different meanings to...

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