A combined technique of percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) and arthroscopic microdiscectomy (AMD) was used to treat symptomatic lumbar disc herniations.
(1) To evaluate the effectiveness and patient satisfaction of the combined technique of PLDD and AMD, (2) to describe the technique, (3) to determine whether back pain or leg pain as a major presenting complaint affected the success rate.
Summary of background data
Minimally invasive techniques have been used separately with different success rates. The combination of more than one technique which might affect the success rate has not been fully explored.